Sources & Additional Learning Material


Hafez, Kai (2015). Radically Polarized Publics and the Demise of Media Freedom in Egypt. Égypte/Monde arabe, Troisième série, 12, 37-49. https://ema.revues.org/3397

Guaaybess, Tourya (2013). Reforming Egypt’s Broadcasting in the Post-25 January Era: The Challenges of Path Dependence. In Tourya Guaaybess (Ed.), National Broadcasting and State Policy in Arab Countries (pp. 117-130). Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hamdy, Naila (2009). Arab Citizen Journalism in Action: Challenging Mainstream Media, Authorities and Media Laws. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture, 6(1), 92-112.

Khamis, Sahar (2011). The Transformative Egyptian Media Landscape: Changes, Challenges and Comparative Perspectives. The International Journal of Communication, 5, 1159–1177.

Lim, Merlyna (2012). Clicks, Cabs, and Coffee Houses: Social Media and Oppositional Movements in Egypt, 2004–2011. Journal of Communication, 62, 231–248.

Radsch, Courtney C. (2013). Assessing the economic impact of the Egyptian uprising. Arab Media & Society, 17. http://www.arabmediasociety.com/countries/index.php?c_article=255

Sakr, Naomi (2013). Transformations in Egyptian Journalism. London: IB Tauris.